Which is the smallest ocean in the world?
The Artic Ocean is the smallest ocean in the world
with a total surface area of 5,105,700 sq. miles.
12. What is meant by the term, Chinaman, in cricket?
The term, Chinaman, denotes an off break bowled
by a left-handed bowler to a right-handed batsman.
The expression is said to have derived from the
blower Ellis Achong, who although played for the
West Indies, was actually Chinese and who practiced
this kind of bowling, although he was not the
first to do so. This term should not be confused
with the other cricket term, Googly.
13. What is ESP?
ESP means extra sensory perception, i.e., perception
or communication outside of normal sensory activity,
as telepathy and clairvoyance.
14. What is the meaning of ‘Ashes’
in the Cricket world?
The term, ‘Ashes’ pertains to the
mythical prize contended for in the Cricket Test
matches between England and Australia. When England
was beaten at the Oval in 1882 a mock obituary
of English cricket appeared in the Sporting Times.
The ashes of a burnt cricket stump were subsequently
placed in an urn and given to the English team
when it next won.
15. What is Bermuda Triangle?
The triangular sea area between Bermuda, Florida
and Puerto Rico is called the Bermuda Triangle
where the currents are very strong. The area gained
notoriety in the 1960s on account of the mysterious
disappearance of numerous ships and aircraft without
any trace of wreckage.
16. What are the signs and symptoms of cancer?
The most common warning signals of cancer are:
change in bowel and bladder habits; a sore that
does not heal; unusual bleeding and discharge;
thickening of lump in the breast or elsewhere;
indigestion or difficulty in swallowing; obvious
change in a wart or mole and nagging cough or
hoarseness. These signs can be caused by cancer
or by a number of other problems. They are not
a sure sign of cancer. It is always desirable
to see a doctor if any problem persists as long
as two weeks. None should wait for the symptoms
to become painful; pain is not an early sign of
17. What is the base of Ayurvedic system of medicine?
The universe is composed of the five elements
or pancha mahabhutas. These combine into three
doshas or bioenergetic forces that determine human
health and physical constitution. Long before
the Western world and WHO talked in terms of health
as a holistic concept, the texts of Ayurveda written
over 3,500 years ago spoke of treating an individual
as a whole, not as a group of individual parts.
Ayurveda encompasses the whole human being: his
mind, body and spirit. According to this ancient
system of medicine, a good, balanced constitution
is the best shield against the onslaught of medicine
thus tries to prevent diseases by working with
the constitution of the individual or by balancing
the three doshas, namely vata, pitta and kapha.
The tridoshas endicate the kind of illnesses an
individual may be prone to and may also determine
one’s physical appearance, cravings for
food and the like. Where the three doshas work
in harmony, perfect health reigns supreme.
18. How harmful is caffeine?
Caffeine is a type of chemical, known as an alkaloid,
which occurs in several kinds of plant. Biologists
do not fully understand why plants such as coffee
and tea make caffeine, but one theory is that
it has evolved as a natural herbicide to help
growing shrubs overcome competing plants.
The effects of caffeine vary. Women retain caffeine
in their body for much longer when they are pregnant,
where as smokers eliminate caffeine twice as quickly
The most noticeable effect is to stimulate the
nervous system; people whop are sensitive to caffeine
will certainly sleepless if they drink ordinary
coffee before going to bed. However, the body
can become habituated to caffeine and many regular
coffee drinkers can take a cup or two in the evening
without their sleep being disturbed.
Other physiological effects of caffeine include
stimulating the production of urine and susceptible
to irregular heart rhythms and palpitation find
that these are triggered by caffeine.
Caffeine dose not accumulate in the body, so its
effects are short-lived. But it has been accused
at one time or another of contributing to most
of the serious health problems of the 20th century,
including heart disease, cancer and birth defects.
a convex mirror is used by the motorists to see
the road behind them?
Motorists to get a view of the traffic behind
the vehicle always use convex mirrors. The image
formed by a convex mirror is always erect and
diminished in size thus producing a large field
of view. It may be noted that with the help of
convex mirror it is not always possible for the
driver to get a correct idea about the size and
distance of the object.
20. Who was the founder of Buddhism? What are
the main precepts of Buddhism?
Siddhartha, also called Gautama, was the founder
of Buddhism. He was a Kshatriya prince of Saka
clan. He lived between 576 B.C. and 480 B.C.
The four basic doctrines of Buddhism are : (i)
man suffers from one life to the next (ii) The
origin of suffering is craving, the desire for
pleasure, possession and cessation of pain. (iii)
The way to non-attachment is the eight-fold path
of right conduct, right effort, right intention,
right meditation, right mindfulness, right speech
and right views.
There is no God in Buddhism to judge, protect
or punish. There is only one inexorable law of
dharma, of cause and effect, which determines
the individual’s fate. Buddhism preaches
ahimsa (non-violence), and non-cruelty towards
all living beings.
Source: Competition Success review