Reformers & Politicians
The only woman Prime Minister of India, Indira Priyadarshini was born on November 19, 1917. Indira came from a very famous family. Her father, Jawaharlal Nehru, and grandfather Motilal Nehru, were prominent leaders of the Indian freedom struggle. Her early education was interrupted, though she attended a school at Poona and later went to the Badminton School in Bristol, England.

In 1937, when she was twenty years old, she studied at Shantiniketan under the tutelage of Rabindranath Tagore, and later went to Oxford University where she studied history, anthropology and administration.

She returned to India without completing her university education and plunged straight into politics.

In 1942, she married Feroz Gandhi. They had two sons-Rajiv and Sanjay. Her husband died in 1960.

She was elected to the parliament in 1964, when she became the Information and Broadcasting Minister in the Lal Bahadur Shastri cabinet.

In 1966, after the death of Lal Bahadur Shastri, she was elected prime minister.

Her initial years as a prime minister were not so good, and as a result the Congress Party Fared badly in the 1967 elections. However, in 1971, she came back to power with a landslide victory. She brought about a number of social and economic reforms.

In 1977, the Congress Party was defeated in the general elections. After this debacle, she reorganized the Congress-I Party with her loyalists. She came back to power in 1980.

She continued to be the prime minister till her assassination, by two of her security guards, in 1984.

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